Flight safety systems and flight control systems are two critical components of a spacecraft, but they serve different functions:
Flight Control Systems (FCS)
The flight control system is responsible for managing and controlling the behavior of the spacecraft. It governs the navigation, guidance, and control of the vehicle. The flight control system processes inputs from various sensors (like accelerometers, gyros, altimeters, etc.) and then uses that data to adjust the vehicle’s control surfaces or thrusters, allowing it to follow a particular path, maintain a specific attitude, or change its speed or direction.
The flight control system is what allows a spacecraft to steer its way through space and reach its intended destination. These systems can be manual, automated, or a combination of both.
Flight Safety Systems (FSS)
Flight safety systems, on the other hand, are specifically designed to ensure the safety of the vehicle, its payload, and the surrounding environment (including people on the ground). These systems monitor the vehicle’s status and flight path, and if they detect a situation where the vehicle is off-course or experiences a catastrophic failure, they can initiate a vehicle self-destruction command to mitigate potential damage or harm. This is especially important during the launch phase when an off-course or failing vehicle could pose a significant threat to populated areas.
While the flight control system is about managing and controlling the behavior of the vehicle to accomplish the mission, the flight safety system is about ensuring the safe operation of the vehicle and taking necessary actions in the event of an anomaly or failure. Both systems are essential for a successful and safe space mission, but they have different primary functions.