Thought Experiment: What Would be the Implications of Ultra-Low-Cost Access To Space?

What is a Thought Experiment?

Thought experiments are hypothetical scenarios or situations that are explored through imaginative and critical thinking. They are often employed to investigate complex ideas or to solve problems by considering different perspectives and potential outcomes. Thought experiments can be a valuable tool for companies in the space economy to help them plan, innovate, and adapt to the rapidly evolving landscape of space-related technologies and opportunities.


Historical and current launch costs are illustrated in the chart below.

Assume that the launch cost becomes less than $100 a kilogram. What are potential market disruptions? What negative consequences might be created?

Market Disruptions

Ultra-low-cost access to space could have far-reaching implications for various industries, economies, and scientific research. Some of the market disruptions created could be:

Market Disruptions Description
and colonization Lower costs would allow both public and private organizations to undertake more ambitious missions to explore and potentially colonize other celestial bodies, such as the Moon, Mars, and beyond.
Satellite deployment and maintenance Lower costs would enable more frequent and cost-effective deployment, maintenance, and upgrading of satellites, which could lead to improved global communications, weather forecasting, navigation, and Earth observation capabilities.
Commercial space travel could become more accessible and affordable for the general public, driving the growth of a new industry and potentially making space tourism a common experience.
Space-based solar power Harvesting solar energy in space and beaming it back to Earth could become a viable alternative energy source, as the cost of launching and maintaining solar power satellites would be significantly reduced.
Space manufacturing and resource utilization The possibility of mining resources from asteroids and manufacturing products in space would become more feasible, potentially leading to new industries and economic opportunities.
Space debris management Lower costs would enable the development of more advanced solutions to address the growing problem of space debris, helping to keep orbits clean and safe for satellites and other spacecraft.
Scientific research Reduced costs would facilitate more frequent and diverse scientific missions, enabling researchers to conduct experiments and gather data in space that would be difficult or impossible to perform on Earth.
International collaboration As access to space becomes more affordable, more countries and organizations could participate in space missions, fostering international cooperation and collaboration.
National security and defense The democratization of space access could lead to increased military and surveillance capabilities, as well as the potential for the development of new weapons or systems.
Economic growth The growth of new industries, services, and technologies related to space would create new jobs, investment opportunities, and economic growth.

Negative Consequences

Some of the consequences could be:

Consequence Description
Space debris proliferation Increased space traffic could lead to more space debris, increasing the risk of collisions and threatening the safe operation of satellites and other spacecraft.
Orbital congestion As more spacecraft are launched, there is a risk of overcrowding in popular orbits, which could lead to increased competition for orbital slots and potential conflicts among stakeholders.
Environmental impacts Increased launch activity could have adverse environmental effects, such as increased greenhouse gas emissions from rocket launches and potential contamination of the Earth's atmosphere or celestial bodies from rocket waste or mining activities.
Weaponization of space Lower costs and increased access could encourage the development and deployment of space-based weapons or surveillance systems, potentially leading to an arms race and increased geopolitical tensions.
Space-based inequality Despite broader access to space, there might still be disparities in access to space resources and technologies among countries, which could exacerbate global inequality.
Intellectual property and legal disputes As space-related activities grow, there may be increased disputes over intellectual property rights and legal issues, such as resource ownership, jurisdiction, and liability.
Space tourism accidents With increased space tourism, the risk of accidents and incidents may increase, potentially leading to loss of life or damage to the environment.
Biosecurity risks Increased scientific research in space could introduce new risks, such as the accidental release of biohazardous materials or the contamination of celestial bodies with Earth-based organisms.
Monopolization of space resources Powerful countries or corporations could potentially monopolize space resources or access to certain orbital slots, leading to increased competition and potential conflicts.
Cultural and ethical considerations Increased human presence and activity in space might raise questions about the cultural and ethical implications of altering or exploiting celestial bodies, particularly if they hold significance for certain communities or belief systems.