Cargo Spacecraft from the Past to the Future

To be included in this timeline, the spacecraft needs to have delivered cargo to the ISS or Tiangong space stations. Also included are planned and proposed spacecraft that may be used to deliver cargo to those space stations, as well as future space stations in LEO or cisLunar space.

To see a timeline of all crewed spacecraft see Crewed Spacecraft from the Past to the Future – A Quick Overview. To see a timeline of all current and planned or proposed space stations see Space Stations Current and Future – A Quick Overview.

Note that both crewed and uncrewed autonomous spacecraft are, and will be, used to deliver cargo to space stations in LEO or cisLunar space.

1998 to present

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ ISS

Operational
LEO

1981 to 2011

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Space Shuttle

Retired
LEO
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Reusable

1967 to present

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Soyuz

Operational
LEO
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Expendable

1978 to present

πŸ‡·πŸ‡Ί Progress

Operational
LEO
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

2008 to 2015

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV)

Retired
LEO
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

2009 to 2020

πŸ‡―πŸ‡΅ H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)

Retired
LEO
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

2010 to 2020

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Dragon Cargo

Retired
LEO
Cargo only, delivery and return
Partially reusable

2016 to present

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Cygus

Operational
LEO
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

2019 to present

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Dragon 2

Operational
LEO
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Partially reusable

2019 to present

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Starliner

In development
LEO
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Partially reusable

2003 to present

πŸ‡¨πŸ‡³ Shenzhou

Operational
LEO, Tiangong
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Expendable

2017 to present

πŸ‡¨πŸ‡³ Tianzhou

Operational
LEO, Tiangong
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

2022 to present

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Cargo Dragon 2

Operational
LEO
Cargo only, delivery and return
Partially reusable

2021 to present

πŸ‡¨πŸ‡³ Tiangong Space Station

Operational
LEO

2022E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί Orion

In development
cisLunar
Cargo and crew, delivery and return
Expendable

2023E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Dream Chaser

In development
LEO
Cargo only, delivery and return
Reusable

2023E

πŸ‡―πŸ‡΅ HTV-X

In development
LEO
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

2024E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Starship Crew

In development
LEO, cisLunar
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Reusable

2024E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Gateway Space Station

In development
cisLunar

2024E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Human Landing System (HLS)

In development
cisLunar, lunar surface
Crew and cargo, delivery and return
Reusable

2025E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Dream Chaser Crew

In development
LEO
Cargo and crew, delivery and return
Reusable

2030E

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ ISS

Retirement

No Forecast

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Starship Cargo

Proposed
LEO, cisLunar
Cargo, delivery and return
Reusable

No Forecast

πŸ‡·πŸ‡Ί Argo

Proposed
LEO
Cargo only, delivery and return
Reusable

No Forecast

πŸ‡·πŸ‡Ί Soyuz GVK

Proposed
LEO
Cargo only, delivery and return
Expendable

No Forecast

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Dragon XL

Proposed
cisLunar
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable

No Forecast

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ HTV-XG

Proposed
cisLunar
Cargo only, delivery only
Expendable